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The bark is astringent, cooling, demulcent, cardiotonic, expectorant and tonic. It is a unique herb that helps maintain a healthy heart and reduces the effects of stress and nervousness. The bark has been used in Indian Herbal medicine for at least 3000 years. Arjuna promotes effective cardiac functioning and regulates blood pressure. Arjuna has been the herb of choice in Ayurveda for cardiovascular health. Arjuna's ability to suppress the blood's absorption of lipids indicates that it has cholesterol-regulating properties. Its principal constituents are b-sitosterol, ellagic acid and arjunic acid.
The bark is useful as an anti-ischemic and cardioprotective agent in hypertension and in ischemic heart disease, especially in disturbed cardiac rhythm, angina or myocardial infarction. It also possesses diuretic and has a general tonic effect in cases of cirrhosis of the liver due to increase in blood supply and proper functioning of the heart. It is a natural rich source of calcium and iron, which get naturally absorbed by the body without producing any side effect.
It induces a drug-dependent decrease in blood pressure and heart rate. It has been reported to possess protective cardiovascular and hypolipidemic properties. It reduces the level of triglycerides and cholesterol and has been reported to enhance the synthesis of LDL-apoprotein. It inhibits the oxidation of LDL and accelerates the turnover of LDL-cholesterol in liver. This enhances the elimination of cholesterol from the body. The suppression of hepatic cholesterol biosynthesis by arjuna is the mechanism responsible for a significant lowering of beta-lipoproteins-lipids and the recovery of HDL components in hyperlipidemia. In a study on the efficacy of the bark powder in treating congestive cardiac failure (CCF), over 40% of the cases showed marked improvement. CCF due to congenital anomaly of heart and valve disease was also brought under control. 4 out of 9 cases of CCF due to chronic bronchitis were also relieved by the treatment.
Arjuna is also known to relieve symptomatic complaints of essential hypertension viz. giddiness, insomnia, lassitude, headache and the inability to concentrate. It also reduces coagulation, bleeding and prothrombin time.
Each 250 mg. capsule contains:
Terminalia arjuna Dried Ext. (10:1) (Arjuna) 250 mg.