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Medical problems involving the heart and blood circulation system, such as hypertension or coronary heart disease. The most common cause of heart disease is narrowing or blockage of the coronary arteries, which supply blood to the heart itself. This happens slowly over time. Also known as heart disease.
Organ or part of body involved: Heart and blood circulation.
Causes and risk factors: Some heart diseases can be present at birth (congenital heart diseases). Other causes include abnormal function of the heart valves, abnormal electrical rhythm of the heart, weakening of the heart\'s pumping function caused by infection or toxins.
Prevention: A diet high in fat and cholesterol may contribute to the development of heart disease in adulthood. A \"heart healthy\" diet may help prevent or treat high blood cholesterol levels. The American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Nutrition recommends that healthy children age 2 years or older follow a diet low in fat (30 percent of calories from fat). These are the same recommendations for healthy adults. A diet high in fat, especially saturated fat, may increase your child\'s risk for heart disease and obesity in adulthood. It is important to teach your child about healthy eating so that they can make healthy food choices as adults.